GI Health | Indigestion, Nausea & Vomiting
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Symptoms and Treatment

Indigestion, Nausea and Vomiting: What They Mean

Indigestion, nausea and vomiting can be normal, but they can also be signs of an underlying cause, like internal inflammation in the GI system. Certain medications can cause nausea and vomiting as well, and they can also be a sign of another, non-GI illness.

Indigestion

Indigestion is a common condition where a person has an uncomfortable, full feeling after a meal. Many people also feel pain or burning with the feeling of fullness. Indigestion is often a symptom of an underlying GI condition including acid reflux, irritable bowel syndrome, gastroparesis, ulcers, or gallbladder disease.

Nausea

Nausea is described as a state where a person feels queasy and sick to the stomach. Nausea is often the symptom experienced before vomiting, but not everyone vomits when feeling nauseous. The causes of nausea include emotional stress, pregnancy, motion sickness, stomach flu, cancer, medications, brain injuries, gallstones, gastroparesis, cannibis hyperemesis syndrome, infection, or intestinal blockage.

Vomiting

Vomiting is the elimination of the contents of the stomach through the mouth. It can be involuntary or voluntarily. Normally, the causes of vomiting are pregnancy, emotional stress, motion sickness, stomach flu, food poisoning and will generally go away on their own. However, vomiting can also be a sign of more serious conditions such as a gallstones, concussion or brain injury, cancer, gastroparesis, stomach or small bowel ulcers, cannibis hyperemesis syndrome, or an intestinal blockage.

Diagnosis

Physical examination and history, lab tests, imaging (x-ray/CT scans), EGD/upper endoscopy, gastric emptying study

Treatment

Depends on underlying cause. Often includes anti-nausea medication, diet and lifestyle modifications, occasionally procedure or surgery depending on the cause

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